Mamata Banerjee is the ninth Chief Minister of West Bengal, India. She is the first lady to hold the Chief Minister’s office in the state. On 19 May 2016, she became the only women CM to win two consecutive terms. The thumping victory came on the heels of several corruption charges during the end of her tenure as the eighth chief minister. In 1997, Mamata Banerjee had dissociated herself from the Indian National Congress and founded the All India Trinamool Congress, also known as TMC or AITMC.
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Mamata Banerjee popularly referred to as “Didi” in Bengal, she created history in the state with a sweeping victory in the 2011 Legislative Assembly elections of West Bengal that uprooted the 34-year-long Left Front government led by the Communist Party of India . It was the world’s longest-serving democratically elected communist government in the world.
Mamata Banerjee also holds the record of being the first woman Railway minister of the nation. She held the post twice. Other prominent posts held by her include Minister of State for Human Resource Development, Minister of Coal, Women and Child Development, and Department of Youth Affairs and Sports.
In May 2013, Mamata Banerjee was voted by the largest anti-corruption coalition of India, India Against Corruption, as the most honest politician of India. She has always maintained an austere and simple lifestyle.
Mamata Banerjee is associated with several human and social rights organisations that promote welfare and development of poor children and women, provide the poor with free legal aid and organise health camps at different places for children and mothers.
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Mamata Banerjee Early Life and Education
Banerjee was born in Calcutta now Kolkata, West Bengal to a Bengali Brahmin family headed by parents Promileswar Banerjee and Gayetri Dev. Banerjee’s father died due to lack of medical treatment, when she was 17.
In 1970, Mamata Banerjee completed the higher secondary board examination from Deshbandhu Sishu Sikshalay. Banerjee graduated with an honours degree in history from the Jogamaya Devi College, a women’s graduate college in southern Kolkata. Later she earned a master’s degree in Islamic history from the University of Calcutta.
This was followed by a degree in education from the Shri Shikshayatan College. Banerjee also earned a law degree from the Jogesh Chandra Chaudhuri Law College, Kolkata. Banerjee was honoured with a Doctor of Letters from Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology.
Mamata Banerjee became involved with politics when she was only 15. While studying at the Jogamaya Devi College she established Chhatra Parishad Unions, the student’s wing of the Congress Party, defeating the Democratic Students’ Union of the Socialist Unity Centre of India.
Mamata Banerjee continued in Congress Party in West Bengal serving a variety of positions within the party and in other local political organizations.
Mamata Banerjee is a self-taught painter and a poet. Banerjee’s 300 paintings were sold for 9 crore INR. One painting was also sold to Sudipto Sen for central figure in the Saradha scam for 1.8 crore.
Mamata Banerjee Personal Life
Throughout the Life Mamta Banerjee has maintained a publicly austere lifestyle, dressing in simple traditional Bengali clothes and avoiding luxuries. Banerjee has been maintaining a very simple life style for which Banerjee always be ranked in the rare list of Chief Minister.
Mamata Banerjee Early Political Career ( 1984 – 2011 )
Mamata Banerjee began her political career in the Congress party, and as a young woman in the 1970s, she quickly rose in the ranks of the local Congress group, and remained the general secretary of Mahila Congress, West Bengal, from 1976 to 1980.
In the 1984 general election, Banerjee became one of India’s youngest parliamentarians ever, defeating veteran Communist politician Somnath Chatterjee, to win the Jadavpur parliamentary Constituency in West Bengal.
Mamata Banerjee also became the general secretary of the Indian Youth Congress. Losing her seat in the 1989 general elections in an anti-Congress wave, Banerjee was reelected in the 1991 general elections, having settled into the Calcutta South constituency. Banerjee retained the Kolkata South seat in the 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004 and 2009 general elections.
In the Rao government formed in 1991, Mamata Banerjee was made the Union Minister of State for Human Resources Development, Youth Affairs and Sports, and Women and Child Development.
As the sports minister, she announced that she would resign, and protested in a rally at the Brigade Parade Ground in Kolkata, against the Government’s indifference towards her proposal to improve sports in the country.
Mamata Banerjee was discharged of her portfolios in 1993. In April 1996, she alleged that Congress was behaving as a stooge of the CPI M in West Bengal. Banerjee claimed that she was the lone voice of reason and wanted a clean Congress.
Mamata Banerjee Political Journey
1976 – 1980: Mamata Banerjee became General Secretary of Mahila Congress (I) in West Bengal.
1978-1981: Banerjee became Secretary of the District Congress Committee (Indira) of Calcutta South.
1984: Mamata Banerjee was Elected as a member of the 8th Lok Sabha. Also became the General Secretary of the All India Youth Congress.
1985-1987: Banerjee became Member of the Committee on Welfare of Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes.
1987-1988: Mamata Banerjee became Member of Consultative Committee of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, National Council of All India Youth Congress, Consultative Committee on Ministry of Home Affairs.
1988: Banerjee became Executive Committee Member of the Congress Parliamentary Party.
1989: Mamata Banerjee became Executive Committee Member of the Pradesh Congress Committee of the state.
1990: Banerjee became West Bengal’s Youth Congress President.
1991: Banerjee became Member of the 10th Lok Sabha (her second election to the LS).
1991-1993: Mamata Banerjee became Union Minister of State for Department of Youth Affairs and Sports, Human Resource Development, Women and Child Development.
1993-1996: Banerjee became Member of the Committee on Home Affairs.
1995-1996: Banerjee became Member of Committee on Public Accounts, Consultative Committee Member of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
1996: Banerjee was Elected as a member of the 11th Lok Sabha (third time).
1996-1997: Mamata Banerjee became Member of Consultative Committee of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Committee on Home Affairs.
1997: Banerjee was Founded the All India Trinamool Congress and became its Chairperson.
1998: Banerjee was Re-elected as a member of the 12th Lok Sabha (fourth time).
1998 – 1999: Mamata Banerjee became Chairperson of the Committee on Railways, Member of the Ministry of Home Affairs’ Consultative Committee, Member of the General Purposes Committee.
1998 – 1999: Banerjee became Chairperson of the Committee on Railways, Member of the Ministry of Home Affairs’ Consultative Committee, Member of the General Purposes Committee.
1999: Mamata Banerjee was Elected as member of the 13th Lok Sabha (fifth time); Appointed as Member of General Purposes Committee; Leader of the All India Trinamool Congress in the Lok Sabha.
13 October 1999-16 March 2001: Banerjee became Union Cabinet Minister of Railways.
2001-2003: Mamata Banerjee became Consultative Committee Member of the Ministry of Industries.
8 September 2003-8 January 2004: Banerjee became Union Cabinet Minister but without any portfolio.
9 January 2004-May 2004: Banerjee became Union Cabinet Minister of Coal & Mines.
2004: Mamata Banerjee was Elected as a member of the 14th Lok Sabha for the sixth time. Also became a Member of Committee on Law & Justice, Public Grievances and Personnel.
5 August 2006: Banerjee became Member of Home Affairs Committee.
2009: Banerjee was Elected as a member of the 15th Lok Sabha.
31 May 2009-19 July 2011: Mamata Banerjee became Union Cabinet Minister for Railways, Leader of All India Trinamool Congress in the Lok Sabha of the Parliament.
9 October 2011: Banerjee became Resigned from membership of the 15th Lok Sabha.
20 May 2011: Banerjee became the first woman Chief Minister of West Bengal.
19 May 2016: Mamata Banerjee became Chief Minister of West Bengal for a second term, as the TMC alone won 211 seats against a Left Congress alliance.